How Much Oil do you Need to Fry a Turkey?

Frying a turkey can be a tasty and festive way to prepare this traditional holiday bird. However, one of the most important factors to consider when frying a turkey is the amount of oil required. The proper amount of oil is critical for ensuring that your turkey is cooked to perfection while not overflowing the fryer or posing a safety hazard.

We will provide guidelines for how much oil you will need to fry a turkey based on the bird’s size and the fryer you are using in this article. Following these guidelines will ensure that your fried turkey is tasty and safe.

How Much Oil do you Need to Fry a Turkey

How Much Oil do you Need to Fry a Turkey?

The amount of oil required to fry a turkey depends on the size of the turkey and the size of the fryer. In general, you’ll need at least 3 gallons of oil to fry a turkey weighing up to 12 pounds. More oil will be required if you use a larger turkey or fryer.

Here is a rough guide to the amount of oil you will need to fry a turkey:

  • 8-10 pound turkey: 2-3 gallons of oil
  • 12-14 pound turkey: 3-4 gallons of oil
  • 16-18 pound turkey: 4-5 gallons of oil
  • 20-22 pound turkey: 5-6 gallons of oil

The amount of oil needed can vary based on the size and form of your turkey as well as the size and shape of your fryer, so keep in mind that these are only preliminary estimations. Using enough oil to cover the turkey in the fryer properly is essential without going overboard.

When frying a turkey, it is also critical to follow all safety precautions. Use a fryer designed specifically for frying turkeys and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper use. Always exercise caution when handling hot oil, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby in an emergency.

What is the Best Oil for Frying a Turkey?

A high smoke point and neutral flavoring oil are ideal for frying a turkey. Peanut oil, canola oil, and vegetable oil are all good choices.

Because of its high smoke point (around 450°F or 232°C) and neutral flavor, peanut oil is popular for frying turkey. It is also less likely than other oils to break down and produce off-flavors during frying.

Canola oil is another excellent choice for frying turkey. It has a high smoke point (around 400°F or 204°C) and a neutral flavor, making it an excellent frying oil. It is also reasonably priced and widely available.

Another popular oil for frying turkey is vegetable oil. It has a high smoke point (around 400°F or 204°C) and a neutral flavor, making it an excellent frying oil. It is also widely available and reasonably priced.

When frying a turkey, it is critical to use oil with a high smoke point because the oil will be heated to high temperatures, and you do not want it to smoke or burn. It’s also a good idea to use a neutral-flavored oil so it doesn’t overpower the flavor of the turkey.

Ingredients for Deep-Fried Turkey

To deep-fry a turkey, you will need the following ingredients:

  • One turkey (fresh or thawed, depending on your preference)
  • Peanut oil, canola oil, or vegetable oil (enough to fully submerge the turkey)
  • Salt and pepper (for seasoning)
  • Optional: your choice of seasonings or marinade (such as a dry rub or an injection marinade)

You will also need the following equipment:

  • A large, heavy-duty pot (such as a turkey fryer)
  • A thermometer to check the oil’s temperature
  • A way to lift and lower the turkey into the hot oil safely, such as a turkey frying rack or a wire basket
  • A platter or carving board for serving the turkey

How to Deep Fry a Turkey?

Deep-frying a turkey can be a tasty and impressive way to prepare this holiday favorite. Here’s a general guide to deep-frying a turkey:

Select an appropriate location: Check that you are on a level, stable surface outside, at least 10 feet away from any buildings or anything that could catch fire.

Select the appropriate equipment: To ensure that the oil is at the proper temperature, you will need a large, heavy-duty pot (such as a turkey fryer) and a thermometer. A turkey frying rack or a wire basket will also come in handy for safely lifting and lowering the turkey into the hot oil.

Heat the oil: Fill the pot halfway with oil, leaving enough room for the turkey. The oil should be heated to 375-400°F (190-200°C).

Prepare the turkey: Remove the giblets and neck from the turkey, then pat the bird dry with paper towels. Some people prefer to marinate or season the turkey before frying it, but this is optional.

Lower the turkey into the hot oil: Carefully lower it into the hot oil, ensuring it is completely submerged. Keep an eye on the temperature of the oil and adjust the heat as needed to keep it constant.

Fry the turkey: Cook the turkey for 3-4 minutes per pound or until a meat thermometer inserted into the thickest part of the thigh registers at least 165°F (74°C).

Remove the turkey from the oil: Using the rack or basket, carefully lift the turkey out of the oil and set it aside to drain for a few minutes before transferring it to a platter or carving it.

Always exercise caution when deep-frying a turkey. Keep a fire extinguisher nearby in an emergency, and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for your fryer.

How Long does it Take Deep Fry a Turkey?

The actual frying time will vary depending on the turkey’s size and the oil’s temperature, but as a general rule, frying a turkey will take about 3-4 minutes per pound. A 12-pound turkey, for example, will take 36-48 minutes to fry.

Use a meat thermometer to ensure that the turkey is cooked to the proper temperature. The turkey’s internal temperature should be at least 165°F (74°C) in the thickest part of the thigh.

What to Put on Turkey Before Deep Frying?

You can do numerous things to a turkey before deep frying it. Some people prefer to rub a dry rub or marinade on the turkey before cooking it, while others prefer to inject it with a flavored liquid. Here are some suggestions for things to put on a turkey before deep frying it:

Dry rub: Combine your favorite spices and herbs and rub them all over the turkey. Paprika, garlic powder, onion powder, dried thyme, and rosemary are all good options.

Brine: Before cooking, soak the turkey in a brine solution for several hours or overnight. This will keep the turkey moist and flavorful while it cooks.

Marinade: Combine oil, acid (such as citrus juice or vinegar), and seasonings to make a marinade, and brush it over the turkey.

Injection: Using a meat injector, inject the turkey with a flavorful liquid, such as a butter, herb, and spice mixture.

Whatever you choose to put on your turkey, thoroughly dry the skin before cooking to help it get nice and crispy. Good luck in the kitchen!

What are the Safety Precautions to Consider When Frying a Turkey?

While using a turkey fryer, safety is one of the most important things to keep in mind. Hot oil can cause a fire, so monitoring the oil temperature is important. It’s also a good idea to use oven mitts and have an all-purpose fire extinguisher nearby. Also, keep children and pets away from the fryer while it’s in use.

When using a turkey fryer, you should place it away from your home and trees. It should also be placed away from overhead cabinets and structures. Moreover, make sure the fryer is on the flat, concrete ground.

Always have a fire extinguisher nearby, especially if you’re using it outdoors. Finally, ensure the turkey is fully thawed before placing it in the hot oil. Otherwise, the ice and water will mix with the oil and cause flare-ups.

Turkey fryers pose a fire risk because of the large amount of oil used. Always ensure the oil temperature is 350 degrees to prevent small fires from forming.

In addition, never leave a turkey fryer unattended. Cooking oil that has reached its smoke point can explode and cause a fire. It’s also important not to leave pets or children alone near the fryer.

Turkey fryers use a large amount of oil, covering a large part of the body. Make sure to wear goggles to protect your eyes. Additionally, you should wear long sleeves and oven mitts to protect your arms and hands. Another important safety precaution is to have a fire extinguisher nearby. Never put out a grease fire with water.


Before frying your turkey, it is important to choose the right oil. Make sure the oil is at least 375 degF. You must wear an apron and use a poultry rack to lower the turkey into the oil. When you’re done, take the turkey out of the oil slowly. This method will help you avoid overflowing the pan.

When frying turkey, cooking oil is critical to the overall taste of the finished product. The two most important factors to consider are the smoke point and the nutritional value of the oil. The higher the smoke point, the more flavorful the final product. Choosing an oil with a high smoke point also prevents the bird from graying or browning.