How to Build a Smoker Using a BBQ?

A heated plate, wood chips, and a terracotta pot can create the simplest smoker. A stainless steel or cast iron box can also create a smoker. The major objective is to construct a strong structure that can endure the extreme heat produced by charcoal. It must be supported by the pot walls, grate, and another pot before being covered. Additionally, it must provide adequate airflow. Although it is optional, a grill grate can be bought off the shelf or constructed to order. To ensure the grill grate will fit correctly, the diameter of the drum must be measured.

How to Build a Smoker Using a BBQ

What is a Smoker?

What a smoker is and how it differs from a grill is one of the questions we are asked the most frequently. Understanding the distinction is crucial, particularly now that you’re attempting to make the former rather than the latter.


Using a grill, you can cook food on a surface that is frequently or openly uncovered. You must occasionally turn the meat over when you grill meals to prevent burning one side.

In summary, you cook your meat primarily on a grill instead of a smoker, which simultaneously cooks and flavors it.


Like a grill, a smoker has cooking grates, a grid, and a space for coals. A smoker features a spot where you may add wood or pellets, unlike a grill.

The cooking grate will most likely be covered in a smoker to keep smoke from the wood inside.

Your smoked meat’s flavor is imparted by the smoke emanating from your choice’s wood.

How to Build a Smoker Using a BBQ?

The smoker may be either a movable or permanent feature on your property. You can pick one with several grate types and various patterns and sizes. Choose a material that can survive high temperatures and prevent the formation of hazardous fumes, whether you want it to be fixed or moveable. It’s crucial to plan your project and experiment with several designs properly. For instance, you could begin with a tiny, inexpensive smoker and progress to a larger, permanent smoker.

Meat is typically grilled on a barbecue, but smoking adds even more flavor. You smoke it using a slow-burning hardwood fire and hot charcoal as an indirect heat source. The flavorful woodsmoke encircles the meat and permeates the fat. A small piece of pork belly may take six hours to prepare, while a shoulder may require sixteen hours. Nevertheless, the wait is worthwhile. Following these simple instructions, you can convert a regular grill into a smoker.

Step 1: Start a Fire

Start early because quitting smoking takes time. In your BBQ, start a lump wood charcoal fire. Instead of grilling over an open flame, which chars the meat, let the fuel cool. When the coals turn white, they are ready for cooking. In the interim, light a fire in your “chimney starter.” It consists of a tiny metal drum that can contain a second fire and is an inexpensive but practical piece of equipment that allows you to top off your barbeque with cooked-down charcoal. A chimney starter is available online or at nearby outdoor/DIY stores.

Step 2: Get your Smoker Ready

Move the fuel to one side once it has been reduced in your BBQ. To prevent them from burning away too quickly, soak two or three chunks of hardwood in water before adding them to the coals. Place a small heat-resistant container, such as a foil takeout box, with water inside over the hot embers on the grill. By doing this, you can better control the barbecue’s temperature.

Step 3: Add the Meat

Any meat can be smoked, but hog belly, ribs, shoulder, and jowl are tasty. Put your meat on the side of the grill furthest from the hot coals. To produce a convection current of smoke around the meat, place the lid on the pot with the vent open on the side where the meat is cooking.

Step 4: Measure the Heat

A digital thermometer will assist you in keeping the barbecue’s interior temperature between 110 and 130 °C. Add more cooked-down coals if it becomes too cool. The evaporating water will lower the temperature if it becomes too hot. The basic norm is to add six pieces of coal every hour; thus, resist the temptation to open the drum too frequently. Use a meat thermometer to determine when the meat is done; you want to raise the temperature to between 85 and 90°C gradually. If the meat’s temperature plateaus at 70°C for a while, don’t worry; this is normal during the cooking process.

Step 5: Dive in!

It’s time to eat when your meat reaches 85–90°C. Good bread, pickled gherkins or endives, sauces, and a pickleback cocktail are all recommended.

Safety Tips When Making a Smoker

Safety is constantly a major issue when utilizing tools. Making a smoker that you intend to use to cook food is no different from doing so.

Here are some safety recommendations to bear in mind:

  • Be very aware of your surroundings when welding. For instance, a gas tank and sparks can cause an explosion.
  • To prevent food poisoning, clean and sanitize all surfaces that food may come into contact with before using them.
  • Keep a close check on children whenever there are open flames or hot surfaces around. They are drawn to peril by nature.
  • Check out the top campfire cooking kits if you need something to bring camping.

What Kind of Material is Utilised to Make Smokers?

It would be best to build a frame and barrel before you can build a smoker. Steel frames and barrels can be combined using a welding iron because the frame comprises steel. Typically, the barrel’s dimensions determine the steel frame’s dimensions. A smoker may have one or two barrels of the same size. If you decide to utilize two barrels, you can trim one, so the firebox barrel fits within.

Simple cooking appliances called smokers produce heat and smoke to smoke various meals. Most smokers consist of two pieces, one producing heat and smoke while the other holding the food. Your meal may get bitter if your smoker has too much smoke. You can prevent this by setting up a drainage system at the smoker’s base. Vents link the two rooms together to guarantee airflow.

Which is Preferable, an Electric Or Propane Smoker?

The two types of smokers most in common, electric and propane, are numerous.

Except if you are in a region that frequently experiences power outages, electric smokers offer great temperature control, simplicity of use, and reliability. They are suitable for small budgets and easy to utilize. They require a power source to hook into. So be sure to prepare for it.

Due to the narrower temperature range that electric smokers function in, they are less adaptable than gas ones (a feature that makes them excellent for cold smoking).

Gas smokers are versatile because they can reach higher temperatures and are much more portable. They must be carefully monitored, though, as certain models have a reputation for having poor insulation, and the temperature can easily stray from the specified range.

They don’t provide the same level of usability as their electric-powered cousins.

Can you Use a Gas BBQ to Smoke Meat?

On a gas grill, you can most definitely smoke meat! In actuality, you can smoke any food on a grill. No need to worry if all you have on your patio is a reliable gas grill, but you’re craving the flavor of smoked meat! You can add smoke to your gas grill to get the best of both worlds, whether you want to cold smoke or hot smoke something delicious.

Is My Weber Suitable for Smoking?

All you need to convert your Weber into a smoker are some hardwood chips and water, not to mention briquettes and firelighters. Hardware stores sell smoke chips, and you might find some that work well in your garden. Chips from wine barrels also work nicely.

Steps to Take:

1. Immerse your wood chips in water: After lighting your fire, while you’re waiting for the coals to be ready, soak your wood chips in water. Try soaking in water, tea, or beer for around 30 minutes. You might need to soak your chips longer if they are chunky.

2. Set up your coals: When your coals are ready to use for cooking and have changed from black to grey, set them up in a circle around the drip tray.

3. Add your soaked wood chips to the fire by shaking off any extra liquid and dropping a handful of the chips directly onto the hot coals. You can also use fresh herbs that have been soaked, like bay leaves, thyme, or rosemary.

4. Put your meal on the cooking grid and cover the pan to begin cooking. Lifting the lid will increase cooking time and release heat and smoke.


Making a quality seal is another crucial step in the construction of a smoker. If it isn’t functioning correctly, smoke and heated air will escape. A bad fire will also arise from it. Ensure the quality of the construction of your smoke stack and intake. The smoker ought to be durable enough to survive frequent use.

You could recycle an old propane tank and use it for your smoker. You can set up a big enough smoker in a trailer for catering purposes. Additionally, it’s the best configuration for a whole-hog barbecue. Any size pit can use the design principle. The best smoker to use for catering, contests, or events is one that is trailer-mounted.