Nutrition facts panels report the number of nutrients in foods you need daily. These numbers are calculated using nutrient standards, which are known as EARs. The EARs are determined by a committee of nutrition experts, who review scientific literature and establish the nutrient value that meets 50 percent of the needs of the target population. The EARs are based on daily intakes and the health risk associated with each nutrient.
When nutrition information on food labels was limited, RBIs were used as the reference level.