What is the Best Cooking Surface for a Pan?

The fact is, each form of cookware has advantages and disadvantages. And various ingredients respond better to certain cooking techniques. The best pot for braising will hold and control heat despite temperature variations, while the optimum pan for sauteing will be particularly sensitive to temperature changes. Choosing the components that are best suited for the cuisine you prepare should be your aim. You may discover more about the materials used in most cookware in this guide and how they might benefit you.

Best Cooking Surface for a Pan

Stainless Steel

Steel is transformed into stainless steel by adding chromium and nickel, significantly reducing corrosion. Although other stainless steel varieties are also utilized with excellent results, the most desirable variety will be stamped “18/10” (the ratio of added chromium to nickel). Due to its strength and beauty, this material may be found in many of the best pots and pans. Because it won’t react with acidic or alkaline foods and won’t pit or scratch readily, stainless steel (especially “18/10”) is coveted as an internal cooking surface. This characteristic is crucial since it ensures the purity of whatever is cooked; regardless of the food’s composition, it won’t stain it or give it a metallic flavor.

Sadly, stainless steel is a bad heat conductor and would create a terrible pan on its own! Thankfully, a method for permanently adhering stainless steel layers to highly conductive metals like copper and aluminum has been devised. Many believe the resulting stainless steel “clad” pots and pans are the most adaptable and useful cookware on the market. It produces a beautiful, versatile pan by fusing the conductivity properties of various metals with the imperviousness of stainless. Because of its longevity and ease of cleaning, stainless steel-clad cookware is a wonderful option for your collection’s most frequently used pans.

By “impact-bonding” a heavy gauge aluminum disc to the base of a thin gauge straight stainless steel vessel, another technique for enhancing stainless steel in cookware can be used. Although not as strong or equally conductive as clad cookware, this construction style performs admirably and can last a very long period with fair use. To its credit, impact-bonded stainless steel cookware costs a lot less than “clad” cookware while maintaining all the advantages of a nonreactive interior and simplicity of upkeep. Impact-bonded cookware is typical for bigger additional items that are only occasionally used, like stockpots and rondeaus that hold 12 qt. or more.


Copper has the best heat conductivity of all the materials used to produce cookware. You have complete control over the application of heat thanks to its quick and even heating and quick cooling down after being withdrawn from the heat. The term “responsiveness” refers to how quickly a pan reacts to a change in cooking temperature and can play a big role in determining which plan will work best for various tasks. Copper is widely coveted by expert cooks worldwide since it is the cookware that responds the fastest. The greatest copper pans are made of strong gauge copper that is between 1/16 and 1/8 inches thick.

Copper “reacts” with the natural minerals and acids in many meals; hence it cannot be used alone for most cookware uses. It can therefore give many meals a yellow color and a metallic flavor. To form a secure barrier between the copper and its contents, most copper cookware must be lined with a nonreactive metal, such as tin or stainless steel. Tin has long been used to coat copper cookware because of its responsiveness and lack of reactivity. Tin, however, ultimately wears out and needs to be reapplied (or “re-tinned”) by a skilled craftsman. Although a stainless steel clad liner would last a lifetime, some chefs believe that an internal steel coating compromises the responsiveness of copper.


There are many advantages to using aluminum cookware. Not only is it an excellent conductor of heat, but it is also rust-free and highly fire-resistant. The downside is that aluminum tends to react badly with acidic foods. Hence, it is often coated with a non-stick coating or clad stainless steel. The process of anodization hardens the surface of the aluminum and creates a dark grey color. These properties make it more durable and easier to clean.

Aluminum conducts heat well, but it doesn’t always distribute heat evenly. It can also dent or scratch easily, making it a poor choice for frequent use. Another drawback of aluminum is its limited versatility. Most aluminum cookware is used as sheet pans. But if you cook frequently, you’ll have to season your pan to keep it in good shape constantly. If you want to cook with aluminum, check its durability before buying it.


When choosing a cookware surface, ceramic is the ideal choice. Not only does ceramic cookware retain heat more effectively, but it also makes cleaning a breeze. And unlike other surfaces, ceramic doesn’t need any coating of oil or butter to stay clean. The durability of ceramic pans is a bonus! And with a 10-year warranty, you don’t have to worry about replacing them anytime soon!

Because ceramic is more durable than nonstick, ceramic cookware is not dishwasher-safe. Instead, use a block of mild dish soap and a sponge to clean your ceramic cookware. A baking soda sponge can help you get rid of stuck-on food. Ceramic surfaces also respond well to gentle cleaning methods, such as a block of mild dish soap and warm water. Never use abrasive cleaning products on your ceramic cookware since these can scratch the non-stick coating.


Stovetops with a glass top are great for many reasons, and using the right cookware can make all the difference. Glass tops are generally easier to clean than other surfaces, but some cooking utensils can scratch the surface. Also, traditional ceramic cookware is not ideal for a glass top. Fortunately, there is silicone ceramic cookware that will not scratch your glass top. This silicone-coated metal will not scratch your glass surface and is also healthier than Teflon.

The best thing about a glass-top pan is that it is non-toxic, so no dangerous fumes will be released when cooking food. It also doesn’t contain lead or cadmium, so it’s safe for your family to use. A glass pan is also easy to clean, and most glass cookware will not easily stain or scratch. However, you may need to be a bit patient when cleaning it as it can be quite heavy and scratch the surface. Besides, it takes longer to heat up compared to a metal pan.

Why Make Food at Home?

One of the best things you can do for your health is a cook at home. According to research, when you prepare your meals, you will likely spend less money, have greater control over the quality of your ingredients, and eat healthier.

When you prep and schedule your meals for the week, cooking at home becomes much simpler. See additional information in my article about eating well.

Of course, you need the proper tools to cook at home. The essentials of a kitchen, such as an oven, stovetop, and refrigerator, as well as a variety of equipment like knives, cutting boards, and other useful gadgets like an air fryer or an electric pressure cooker, are all included in a well-stocked kitchen.

Food Sticks to Stainless Steel Pans: Why?

Under a microscope, you can observe microscopic cracks and crevices on the cooking surface of stainless steel pans, despite their outward appearance of being bright and smooth.

These pores close when the pan is heated and open up when the pan is chilled or in contact with cold food.

The contracted pores on a hot stainless steel pan won’t take long to open up and grasp onto the food when you put cold food on it.

Food will stick if the temperature isn’t kept steady and the pan isn’t thoroughly greased to fill in all the cracks and produce a frictionless barrier.

Because they don’t have enough fat to natural oil the pan and quickly crumble once they stick, lean, fragile proteins like eggs and fish are particularly prone to sticking.

Too much heat, not enough heat, cooking the wrong kinds of food, and insufficient cleaning are the four main causes of food clinging to stainless steel cookware.

How to Make Stainless Steel Pans Food-Stick-Free?

What precisely causes food to stay now that you know its causes? The methods you may take to reduce food adhering to your stainless steel cookware are listed below.

Warm the Pan.

With stainless steel cookware, accurate results require preheating the pan. The ideal way to warm up your pan is as follows:

On the burner, place the pan and heat to a low-medium setting.

Give it 2-4 minutes to warm up. The pores are closing at this time, so keep that in mind.

Add a small quantity of oil to the pan after a few minutes. The temperature is right; you can add extra oil if it shimmers and travels smoothly across the surface. The oil will seep into the pores of a cold pan and cause sticking. The oil will start to smoke if the pan is too hot.

You can begin frying a few seconds after adding your oil and ensuring it’s at the right temperature.

How to Verify the Pan’s Heat Level by Testing?

Try this fast test to see if your pan is hot enough. Put a tiny drop of water in the pan after preheating but before oiling.

The water will form tiny balls and move about the pan when the pan is at the proper temperature. The Leidenfrost Effect, which you can witness in action in this brief video, is the name given to this reaction. When this happens, start cooking by adding your oil.

The water will bubble and soon evaporate if the pan is too chilly. The food will stick if you add it at this point. Retry after some waiting.

The water will fragment into tiny droplets and ping around the pan if the pan is too hot. Reduce the heat and give it another go in about a minute.

To cook perfectly without burning or sticking, the right heat is essential.

How to Make a Non-Stick Stainless Steel Pan?

Food sticking in stainless steel pans is one of the most frequently voiced criticisms.

What causes this to occur?

Tiny pores exist in stainless steel, which contracts as the pan is heated while the steel expands. Food sticks because the shrinking pores grasp onto it.

You may reduce food sticking by preheating the pan to medium, adding the right quantity of oil, and bringing the proteins to room temperature before cooking.

However, I show you a different technique in this section that makes stainless steel pans non-stick.

This is how it goes.


One tablespoon of a high-smoke-point oil or fat (peanut, sesame, avocado, canola, lard)

a cloth or paper towel

Baking mitt


The pan should be hand-washed in warm water with soap, then well dried.

Turn the heat to high and place the pan on the stove.

The pan should be quite hot after a few minutes of heating.

Oil the pan with a tbsp.

Use the paper towel to spread the oil over the stove surface quickly. Ensure that the surface is evenly covered throughout. To safeguard your hand, put on an oven mitt or use tongs.

Please switch off the stove as soon as it begins to smoke.

Allow the pan to cool.

You’ll know it’s seasoned when you see your reflection in the pan. That results from the oil’s molecules expanding and solidifying into the pan’s surface. The pan’s surface is reflective because the oil and fat molecules have adhered to it.

Use a cloth or paper towel to remove extra oil from the cooking surface. Your pan made of stainless steel is now non-stick!


What material the cookware is composed of is one of the most crucial factors to consider when purchasing cookware. Cookware is available in various materials, each best suited to a certain type of cooking, from copper to aluminum, cast iron to stainless steel. This guide on cookware materials will cover which cookware material is best for your cooking style.