What is Monkfruit?

Monkfruit, also known as luo han guo, is a little green melon that has been raised by Buddhist monks for generations, hence its unusual name. The majority of the world’s monk fruit is still farmed in southern China and northern Thailand, where it is native.

By removing the fruit’s seeds and peel and smashing them to release the juice, monk fruit sweetener is made. The concentrated powder made from the juice is then dried and used to sweeten a variety of meals and beverages.

Monk fruit is much sweeter than sugar but still includes naturally occurring sugars, primarily fructose, and glucose. Mogrosides, which can make monk fruit sweeteners up to 250 times sweeter than sugar, are responsible for the sweetness.

What is Monkfruit?

Monkfruit, also known as monk fruit or Luo Han Guo, is a small, round fruit native to regions of Southeast Asia, particularly China and Thailand. It derives its name from the Buddhist monks who first cultivated and used it centuries ago. The fruit is known for its intense sweetness, which comes from natural compounds called mogrosides found in its flesh.

These mogrosides are significantly sweeter than sugar but contain very few calories. The monk fruit extract is considered a zero-calorie sweetener because the body does not metabolize the mogrosides in the same way as it does sugar. Monkfruit extract is commonly used as a sugar substitute in various food and beverage products, including sweeteners, baked goods, beverages, and desserts.

It provides a sweet taste without adding calories or raising blood sugar levels, making it an appealing option for individuals who need to monitor their sugar intake, such as those with diabetes or those following a low-calorie or low-carbohydrate diet. Monkfruit extract is typically much sweeter than sugar, so only a small amount is needed to achieve the desired level of sweetness.

It has gained popularity as a natural alternative to artificial sweeteners and sugar due to its lack of calories and potential health benefits. It’s worth noting that while monk fruit extract is considered safe for most people, it’s always a good idea to check the ingredient labels and consult with a healthcare professional if you have any specific dietary concerns or conditions.

Overall, monk fruit is a natural fruit that provides a sweet taste without the calories of sugar, making it a popular choice for those looking to reduce their sugar intake while still enjoying sweetness in their food and beverages.

What Does Monkfruit Taste Like?

Monkfruit itself, in its fresh and whole form, has a subtle sweetness with a slightly herbal and floral flavor. However, it is the monk fruit extract, which is commonly used as a sweetener, that is more commonly encountered and known for its intense sweetness.

Monkfruit extract has a sweet taste that is often described as similar to sugar but without the same lingering aftertaste. Some people also note a mild, fruity undertone to its flavor. It is important to note that the sweetness of monk fruit extract is highly concentrated, so only a small amount is needed to achieve the desired level of sweetness.

The lack of calories and its impact on blood sugar levels is one of the reasons why monk fruit extract has gained popularity as a sugar substitute. It allows people to enjoy sweet-tasting foods and beverages without the drawbacks of added calories or spikes in blood sugar levels.

Overall, monk fruit extract provides a pleasant and sweet taste without the same intensity or lingering aftertaste of some other sweeteners. Its unique flavor profile has made it a popular choice for those seeking a natural alternative to sugar.

What are the Health Benefits of Monkfruit?

Monk fruit, also known as Luo Han Guo, is a small green fruit native to Southeast Asia. It has gained popularity as a natural sweetener due to its intensely sweet taste and low-calorie content. Here are some potential health benefits associated with monk fruit:

  1. Natural Sweetness: Monk fruit extract contains natural compounds called mogrosides, which are responsible for their sweet taste. These compounds are non-caloric and do not raise blood sugar levels, making monk fruit a suitable option for individuals with diabetes or those aiming to reduce their sugar intake.
  2. Low Glycemic Index: Monk fruit has a negligible impact on blood sugar levels due to its low glycemic index. This characteristic can be beneficial for managing blood sugar levels and reducing the risk of insulin spikes.
  3. Antioxidant Properties: Monk fruit contains antioxidants, such as mogrosides, that can help protect against oxidative stress and damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants are known to support overall health and may contribute to reducing the risk of chronic diseases.
  4. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Some studies suggest that monk fruit extract may possess anti-inflammatory properties. Inflammation is associated with various health conditions, and reducing inflammation can promote overall well-being.
  5. Calorie Reduction: Monk fruit is significantly sweeter than sugar, allowing for smaller amounts to be used while maintaining the desired sweetness in recipes. This reduction in calories can be beneficial for weight management and calorie-controlled diets.
  6. Potential for Weight Management: Since monk fruit extract is low in calories and does not impact blood sugar levels, it can be incorporated into weight management plans as a sugar substitute.
  7. Tooth-Friendly: Monk fruit is non-cariogenic, meaning it does not contribute to tooth decay. It can be a suitable alternative to sugar for those concerned about oral health.

How can we Consume Monkfruit?

Monk fruit is primarily consumed in the form of monk fruit extract or monk fruit sweetener, which is derived from the fruit’s natural compounds called mogrosides. The monk fruit extract is significantly sweeter than sugar, so only a small amount is typically needed to achieve the desired sweetness.

Here are some ways you can incorporate monk fruit into your diet:

  1. The sweetener in Beverages: Add monk fruit sweetener to your coffee, tea, or other beverages for a naturally sweet taste without the calories or impact on blood sugar levels.
  2. Baking and Cooking: Substitute sugar or other sweeteners with monk fruit sweetener in your recipes. It can be used in a variety of baked goods, sauces, dressings, and desserts. Keep in mind that monk fruit extract is much sweeter than sugar, so you may need to adjust the amount used accordingly.
  3. Smoothies and Shakes: Enhance the sweetness of your smoothies or protein shakes by adding a small amount of monk fruit sweetener or monk fruit extract.
  4. Yogurt and Oatmeal Toppings: Sprinkle monk fruit sweetener or monk fruit extract over your yogurt, cottage cheese, or oatmeal to add sweetness without the need for additional sugar.
  5. Fruit Salads: Toss fresh fruits with a little monk fruit sweetener to enhance their natural sweetness and create a healthier fruit salad.
  6. Homemade Ice Cream and Popsicles: Use monk fruit sweetener or monk fruit extract to sweeten your homemade ice cream or popsicle recipes. It can help reduce the overall sugar content while still providing a satisfying sweet taste.
  7. Sauces and Marinades: Incorporate monk fruit sweetener into your homemade sauces and marinades to balance flavors and add a touch of sweetness.

When using monk fruit sweeteners, it’s important to follow the recommended usage guidelines provided by the manufacturer, as the intensity of sweetness can vary between brands. Additionally, be mindful of any additives or fillers that may be present in commercial monk fruit products and opt for high-quality, pure monk fruit extract or sweetener when possible.

How to Grow Monkfruit?

Growing monk fruit, also known as Luo Han Guo, can be a rewarding experience. Here are some general guidelines for growing monk fruit:


Monk fruit thrives in warm, subtropical climates. It requires a long growing season with temperatures ranging from 60°F (15°C) to 90°F (32°C). Ensure that your climate can provide these conditions.


Choose well-draining soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.5. The soil should be rich in organic matter. If needed, amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure before planting.


Monk fruit is typically propagated from seeds or seedlings. If starting from seeds, scarify the seeds (gently nick or scratch the seed coat) and soak them in warm water for 24 hours before planting. Plant the seeds about half an inch deep in seed trays or pots. Keep the soil consistently moist until the seedlings emerge.


Once the seedlings have grown a few inches tall and developed several leaves, they can be transplanted into larger pots or directly into the ground. Space the plants about 10 to 12 feet apart to allow for their eventual growth.


Provide full sun exposure to your monk fruit plants. They require at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily.


Keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Avoid overwatering, as monk fruit plants prefer slightly drier conditions over excessive moisture.


Prune the plants to maintain their shape and encourage branching. Remove any dead or damaged branches. Pruning also helps improve airflow around the plants, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.


Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in the spring and early summer. Follow the package instructions for the recommended dosage.


Monk fruit plants require pollination from bees or other insects to produce fruit. Having flowering plants nearby can help attract pollinators to your garden.


Monk fruit fruits are ready for harvest when the outer shell turns brown. Cut the fruits from the vines and remove the seeds. The fruits can be used fresh or dried for future use.

It’s important to note that monk fruit plants may take several years to reach maturity and produce a substantial harvest. Patience and proper care are key to successful monk fruit cultivation.

Additionally, specific growing requirements may vary depending on your location and climate, so it’s recommended to consult local gardening resources or experts for more tailored advice.


In conclusion, monk fruit, also known as Luo Han Guo, is a versatile fruit with several potential health benefits. It can be consumed in various forms, including fresh fruit, dried fruit, and as a sweetener in extract or powder form. Monk fruit is a suitable alternative to traditional sugar for individuals looking to reduce their calorie and sugar intake.

It has a negligible impact on blood sugar levels and a low glycemic index, making it a viable option for those with diabetes or those following a low-sugar diet. Additionally, monk fruit contains antioxidants and may have anti-inflammatory properties, contributing to overall health and well-being.

When consuming monk fruit, it’s important to choose reputable sources and be mindful of any additives or sweeteners that may be present in commercial products. Whether you incorporate monk fruit into your diet for its sweetness or potential health benefits, it can be a valuable addition to a balanced and healthy lifestyle.