List of Foods to Eat with Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that happens during pregnancy. When Gestational Diabetes, it’s important to avoid processed foods and high-calorie drinks. Those are bad for you and can cause a baby to develop diabetes. Instead, choose healthy, natural alternatives. Fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains are all great choices. One other thing to avoid during pregnancy is alcohol, which is known to cause congenital disabilities in unborn children.

List of Foods to Eat With Gestational Diabetes

List of Foods to Eat with Gestational Diabetes

When a person has gestational diabetes, following a healthy diet is critical. The American Diabetes Association advises the diabetic plate method to ensure that a person eats a balanced diet of healthy foods.

A person should adopt this strategy by covering half of a 9-inch plate with nonstarchy veggies, a quarter with lean protein, and a third with a carbohydrate, like a starchy vegetable or whole grain.

Below are some illustrations of each of these dishes.

Women with gestational diabetes should follow a healthy diet full of whole foods. They should focus on non-starchy vegetables and fruits, along with lean protein. Eating more protein is another good option for women with gestational diabetes.

Proteins are good energy sources and are absorbed by the body more slowly than carbohydrates. Low-fat proteins such as chicken, fish, and nuts are recommended. While many women find it difficult to give up meat, it is possible to find a low-carb vegetarian diet that will secure and maintain safe blood sugar levels.

No Starchy Vegetables

Lean Protein

  • Chicken
  • Turkey
  • Eggs
  • Salmon
  • Tuna
  • Lean cuts of red meat
  • Beans
  • Lentils
  • Hummus
  • Nuts
  • Nut kinds of butter
  • Tofu and tempeh


  • Brown rice
  • Quinoa
  • Bulgur wheat
  • Oats
  • Sweet potato
  • Parsnips
  • Butternut squash
  • Chickpeas
  • Fruits and dried fruit
  • Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and milk substitutes

Vegetables are another good option. Most vegetables have low carbohydrate levels and are full of fiber. Moreover, they contain vitamins and minerals. Nuts are also great sources of protein and unsaturated fats. These fats and proteins do not raise blood sugar levels as much as carbohydrates do. Eating animal products that contain protein is also a good idea, as it helps balance your blood sugar levels. A person can consult a doctor or dietitian about a healthy diet plan during pregnancy.

Which Foods Should you Avoid in Gestational Diabetes?

Avoid consuming simple carbohydrates like white rice, potatoes, candy, soda, and other sweets. This is because they swiftly raise your blood sugar levels after eating certain foods. Your health and blood sugar will benefit from eating more vegetables.

Processed Foods

When you are expecting, you probably want to avoid processed foods and control your blood sugar levels. There are numerous ways to accomplish this, from dietary changes to drug use. Certain foods are especially beneficial for gestational diabetes. It is possible to have the healthiest diet while pregnant by adhering to a few straightforward rules.

Processed foods and sugary beverages can increase blood sugar levels and make it more challenging to manage your diabetes. It’s crucial to keep in mind that not all artificial sweeteners are suitable for people with gestational diabetes. For instance, aspartame can be problematic for phenylketonuric females. Instead, select fiber-rich foods. Fiber is much lower in blood sugar than refined grains and has nutritional value.

Avoid fried or deep-fried foods, as they are high in saturated fat. Instead, use olive oil instead of butter for cooking. Sugar is naturally present in fruits and other foods, but added sugars should be avoided.

Sugary Drinks

Although consuming sugary drinks during pregnancy can be tempting, this is often not recommended. Research suggests that sugary drinks are linked with an increased risk of obesity in mid-childhood and childhood. Avoiding sugary beverages during pregnancy is essential to avoiding gestational diabetes. Here are some helpful tips:

First, it is important to know that soda and other sugary drinks can cause blood sugar spikes. It is important to remember that sugar-sweetened beverages are not the only ones linked with gestational diabetes, but it is still a good idea to steer clear of them. Drinking water is a better alternative, as it contains no calories or carbs.

Next, avoid refined grains. Refined grains are stripped of all their fiber and nutrient-rich parts, so it is best to avoid them. Moreover, some healthy products contain sugar, including cereal and yogurt. Also, avoid undercooked meat, soft cheeses, and seafood.

Besides diet, exercise is important for gestational diabetes. Even a moderate exercise program can help control glucose levels. It is also important to limit alcohol and sugary drinks during pregnancy. If breastfeeding, do not begin an exercise program until after the baby has been weaned from your milk.

In addition, you should monitor your blood sugar levels four times a day. This should be done after fasting and one to two hours after eating. Keeping a written log of your blood sugar levels is also important. You should send this log to your doctor every week or two or as directed. The most important thing to remember is not to allow your blood sugar to go too high.

Sugary Desserts

Pregnant women can’t avoid craving sweets, but there are limits to the amount they should consume. Excess sugar in the blood can cause problems for the mother and fetus. The extra sugar crosses the placenta and affects the fetus’s blood sugar level. This can cause the baby to grow larger than it should. A large baby can cause complications during delivery, like needing a cesarean section, and can also increase the risk of premature birth.

The best way to avoid sugary desserts while pregnant is to plan and eat healthy snacks. These snacks should be made of protein, fat, and healthy carbohydrates. Making healthy snacks and meals is easier than you may think. Eating a well-balanced meal plan will help you manage gestational diabetes.

Women with gestational diabetes should control their blood sugar levels by reducing their sugar intake. Sugar is converted to glucose in the body when it is digested, so they must pay attention to the portions. Sweets are high in sugar and can increase the risk of gestational diabetes. Instead of enjoying sweets during pregnancy, opt for natural sweeteners such as honey or coconut sugar.

What is Gestational Diabetes?

Diabetes that exclusively develops in pregnant women is known as gestational diabetes. This means that unless you are pregnant, you cannot develop gestational diabetes.

High blood sugar that appears for the first time or develops during pregnancy is referred to as gestational diabetes.

Your body affects how it uses insulin during pregnancy. Your cells can accept and utilize glucose, sometimes known as sugar, for energy thanks to the hormone insulin.

You’ll naturally become more insulin-resistant when pregnant to assist your baby in getting more glucose.

Gestural diabetes is brought on by it. Some people experience problems with the process, and as a result, their bodies either cease responding to insulin or don’t produce enough insulin to provide them with the glucose they require. When that happens, your blood sugar will be excessively high.

Reference: Women’s experiences of gestational diabetes self-management: A qualitative study

Are Grapes Healthy for Diabetics?

Grapes are a beloved fruit that is healthy and safe for people with diabetes. Since they don’t hurt or cause a surge in glucose levels, people can eat them and include them in their diabetic diets. The risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes is lowered by eating grapes.

Is Watermelon Beneficial for Gestational Diabetes?

Consuming watermelon in moderation is safe for people with diabetes. But it’s ideal for eating watermelon and other high-GI fruits with foods rich in fiber, protein, and healthy fats. As a result, women who have diabetes already or who acquire gestational diabetes during pregnancy may wish to refrain from consuming a lot of watermelons. Watermelon should be carefully washed before slicing, as with any fruit, and consumed right away.

Which Yogurt is Beneficial for Gestational Diabetes?

If you have diabetes, try yogurt, which is Greek or Icelandic. Because some of the whey is removed during production, a thick, protein-rich product is left behind; these have fewer carbohydrates than other types of yogurt. They also have less lactose (about 5%) than regular yogurts.

Which Vegetables are the Healthiest for Diabetics?

Due to their low starch content, cabbage, spinach, and broccoli are three vegetables suitable for people with diabetes. Vegetables are an excellent method to fill up and control your blood sugar levels. Diabetes patients should always put managing their blood sugar and weight first.


Gestational diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin due to pregnancy hormones. The pancreas can sometimes create extra insulin in sufficient amounts to handle the blood glucose levels, but not always. High blood sugar levels result from this, which could be dangerous for pregnant women and their unborn children. According to the diabetes plate method, a person can select a combination of nonstarchy vegetables, lean protein, and grains or starchy vegetables to control blood sugar levels.

If gestational diabetes is not treated, it can cause delivery problems and pose health hazards to the pregnant woman and the unborn child. Obese or overweight individuals, A higher risk of developing gestational diabetes exists in those who have a family history of diabetes and in those who have previously delivered a baby weighing more than 9 lbs.