Traditionally a staple of European and Middle Eastern cuisine, Parsley is utilized in various cuisines worldwide as a subdued, herbaceous touch. The best-known use of Parsley nowadays is as a flexible, fresh ingredient in sauces, salads, and any dish that needs a splash of color and a hint of herbal taste. It tastes wonderful when used in large quantities in tomato sauces, soups, and fresh salads. To melt over fish or glaze vegetables, chop or shred it and combine with butter.
Fresh curly Parsley is frequently arranged next to the main course in restaurants to help fill the plate. When used in this fashion, Parsley is a garnish that many diners choose to skip, but the ancient Romans learned that chewing on a sprig of parsley after a meal can help clear the palate and refresh the breath. Because its flavor endures better in warm meals, fresh flat-leaf Parsley is said to have a larger range of culinary applications. Flat-leaf Parsley is frequently chopped and used in fresh salads, sauces, soups, and as a garnish for grilled fish or poultry. Root parsley is often served roasted or in soups and stews, like parsnips.
Persley Nutrition Facts
What is Parsley?
The Apiaceae family includes Parsley, also known as Petroselinum crispum. This leafy herb has roots in the Mediterranean region and is still often utilized in local cuisine. Although it is uncertain where the parsley plant originated, it has been grown for many years in regions of Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Algeria, and other countries. The Latin name of the herb is derived from the Greek word “petro,” which means “stone,” as Parsley is said to have originated in Greece’s rocky hills.
Like lemon zest, Parsley is available in fresh and dried forms. Its bright, herbaceous, and slightly bitter flavor contrasts with other ingredients in a meal to draw attention to them. Parsley is primarily used as a garnish because it gives a lovely splash of green color and a vegetal flavor, making it the ideal finishing touch for cooking.
Different Types of Parsley
Although Parsley’s most commonly used forms are flat-leaf and curly, there are four varieties altogether. The different types of Parsley include:
- Flat-Leaf– The most popular form of culinary Parsley, this leafy green herb has a fresh, slightly bitter taste, making it a great garnish. The most common type of flat-leaf, Italian Parsley, has a slightly peppery taste and a similar appearance to cilantro. Other varieties of flat-leaf Parsley include Titan and Giant of Italy.
- Curly Leaf– A milder tasting variety of Parsley, recognizable by its ruffled leaves and bright green color. Varieties of curly leaf parsley include Forest Green and Extra Curled Dwarf parsley.
- Hamburg – A variety of Parsley native to Germany, recognizable by its larger leaves and thick roots. The leaves of Hamburg parsley are used ornamentally rather than for cooking, while the roots are used to flavor stews and soups.
- Japanese Parsley– A bitter-tasting type of Parsley native to Japan and China, with thick stems that can be eaten alone.
Parsley vs. Cilantro: What’s the Difference?
You’re not the only one who mistakenly grabbed a bunch of Parsley or cilantro when shopping at the supermarket. These two leafy green herbs initially appeared to be identical twins, and they are frequently confused for one another, and many wonder if they can be used interchangeably.
Here are the differences between these two:
- Both herbs give dishes a splash of vibrant green flavor. However, since their flavors are so dissimilar, you can’t always swap one for the other in recipes.
- Cilantro is frequently used in traditional Mexican, Asian, and Indian dishes. The secret to turning mashed avocados into guacamole and sliced tomatoes into pico de gallo is its distinct fresh, spicy-citrusy flavor.
- Cilantro has a strong flavor in the stems and leaves, and the stems are stiffer than the very sensitive leaves. Nevertheless, you can slice them up and utilize the entire herb.
- If you consume cilantro raw rather than cooked or dried, you’ll experience the maximum flavor. Use it to flavor vegetable dips or salad dressings. Add it at the very end or as a garnish if you wish to include it in a portion of cooked food like chili or a curry dish.
- Due to its fresh, delicate, herbaceous flavor, Parsley tends to be a more versatile herb. It enhances almost every dish and goes well with other ingredients like lemon or garlic.
- It’s an essential ingredient in Middle Eastern dishes like tabbouleh, giving practically any soup, stew, sauce, or marinade a burst of flavor.
- In contrast to cilantro, Parsley keeps most of its flavor when cooked. To add taste and color to foods, you can either add it during cooking or use it as a garnish.
- Although the stems are edible, some individuals only utilize the leaves because they find the stems to be too rough or bitter.
- Cut the bottoms off the stems of each bunch of either of these herbs before putting it in a small jar with a few inches of water to keep it. The herbs should not be washed until you are ready to utilize them, and they ought to keep for at least a week if you store them in the fridge.
How to Cook with Parsley?
Fresh Parsley brightens the presentation and flavor of dishes, from soups to sauces.
- To garnish. Fresh Parsley has long been considered an ideal garnish, thanks to its vibrant, leafy appearance and herbaceous taste that serves to emphasize other flavors. For this reason, fresh Parsley is most commonly chopped and added at the end of cooking, as prolonged heat exposure causes the flavors of Parsley to deteriorate quickly.
- In bouquet garni. In addition to its main role as a garnish, Parsley is a common ingredient in the French bouquet garni, a traditional bundle of fresh herbs tied together and placed in soups, stews, braises and braises and sauces to infuse an herbal flavor into dishes.
- As a base, Parsley is also the primary ingredient in the popular South American condiment chimichurri, a vibrant green sauce made with fresh parsley, olive oil, red wine vinegar, and garlic.
On the other hand, dried Parsley is recommended to be used throughout the cooking process, as the concentrated flavors in the dried herb need time to marinade and mellow before serving. Chefs also use Parsley as a flavorful addition to red sauces, ground meat dishes, and herb-laced bread doughs.
Is Persley Healthy?
Here are the health benefits of Parsley:
- Flavonoids are naturally occurring plant substances that help protect the body against disease-causing chemicals. A flavonoid called myricetin can be found in plants like Parsley, which has been demonstrated to aid in preventing skin cancer. Parsley is one of the foods with the highest amounts of myricetin per 100 grams.
- The myricetin in Parsley has also been examined for use in treating and preventing diabetes.
- An increased risk of bone fracture has been linked to low vitamin K intake. Vitamin K supplementation may enhance bone health by increasing calcium absorption and lowering calcium excretion in the urine.
- Different levels of specific vitamins and minerals are required for your bones to stay healthy and strong. Vitamin K, a crucial component for bone health, is abundant in Parsley. Impressively, a 1/2 cup (30 grams) supplies 547 percent of the RDI.
- When taken as an extract, Parsley might offer antimicrobial advantages. For instance, a test-tube investigation revealed that the extract significantly inhibited yeast, mold, and the common infection-causing bacterium S. aureus.
Parsley Recipes Ideas
Here are the eight best parsley recipes ideas:
- Chimichurri – A traditional South American sauce made with parsley, olive oil, red wine vinegar, garlic, chilies, oregano, salt, and pepper. Find our chimichurri recipe here.
- Tabbouleh – A fresh and flavorful Mediterranean salad comprised of finely chopped Parsley, tomato, green onions, bulgur, lemon juice, and olive oil.
- Parsley Pesto – This is a unique take on a traditional pesto made with fresh Parsley, walnuts, Parmesan cheese, olive oil, garlic, and salt.
- Lemon Parsley Roasted Vegetables – Cauliflower, broccoli, potatoes, or another vegetable of your choice roasted in olive oil and dressed with a combination of Parsley, lemon juice, olive oil, salt, pepper, and lemon zest.
- Braised Artichokes – For Chef Thomas Keller’s classic barigoule, cut the artichokes into wedges, serve with braising vegetables, and garnish with Parsley.
- Italian Gremolata – A popular Italian sauce made with fresh parsley, olive oil, garlic, lemon juice, salt, and chili flakes.
- Spaghetti Aglio e oglio – Aglio e olio, meaning garlic and olive oil, is a simple dish. However, Chef Keller elevates it by finishing it with garlic confit, Parsley, and bottarga.
- Couscous with Fresh Parsley – Couscous cooked al dente and combined with sautéed shallots, olive oil, salt, and pepper. Garnished with fresh chopped Parsley and a squeeze of lemon juice.
How to Store Persley?
Being a delicate herb, Parsley needs to be handled carefully. Keep the leaves dry and treat them like flowers in a jar of water when storing fragile herbs, including cilantro, chives, and dill. To store Parsley, follow these instructions:
- Trim the Parsley. Place the Parsley on your cutting board and chop the bottom of the stems, removing the lowermost half inch. Do not wash your Parsley, but snip off any browned leaves for freshness.
- Place the herbs in a jar. Fill a glass jar or container with an inch of water and place the herbs into the jar. Use cold water to maintain the temperature of the herbs.
- Store fresh herbs in the fridge. Tender herbs should be stored in the fridge, covered loosely with a plastic bag fastened to the jar with a rubber band. The bag will keep the leaves from losing moisture, and the herbs from browning—too much oxygen will brown the herbs.
- Change the water. Change the water every couple of days to maintain freshness.
- Gently rinse before use. Lightly rinse your Parsley in cool water and then run through a salad spinner or lay on a paper towel to fully dry; excess moisture will make it slimy.
- Mince to serve. Finely chop your Parsley or use a sprig of it as a garnish atop savory dishes such as baked poultry, fresh pasta, cooked fish, and more.
Getting the most out of your herbs means picking fresh ones. When shopping for your bunch of Parsley at the grocery store, avoid ones with browning stems or wilting leaves. Look for crisp, vibrant herbs with a mild grassy smell.
3 Ways to Store Parsley
There are a few storage methods to prolong flat-leaf Parsley’s shelf life, allowing you to enjoy the herb in pesto, salsas, and other side dishes or meals.
- Refrigerate: Trim the parsley stems, place them in a glass jar or container of water, and store them in the refrigerator. Rinse and dry the Parsley before use.
- Dry: Pick the leaves off the herbs and arrange them on a paper towel-covered plate. Cover the herbs with another paper towel and then microwave them. Soft herbs like Parsley will take forty seconds, followed by twenty-second bursts. Grind the herbs into a powder using a mortar and pestle or a food processor, and store them in an airtight container. Fresh Parsley is more flavorful than dry, but dried herbs will keep for a while and can be a garnish for any dish.
- Freeze: Cut up the herbs and place them in ice cube trays. Cover with a neutral oil, such as light olive oil or canola oil. Freeze the herbs, and use the parsley cubes in recipes that call for chopped Parsley, such as sauces, soups, or stews. You can also freeze them whole: place them in a freezer bag and keep them in a safe place in your freezer, so the herbs don’t get crushed.
A plant is considered a herb if its leaves, seeds, or blooms are utilized in cooking or medicine. Herbs are often used in cosmetics, dyes, and scents.
The adaptable herb parsley offers a full concentration of nutrients. Vitamins A, C, and K are very abundant in them. Parsley’s vitamins and healthy plant substances may enhance bone health, offer protection from chronic diseases, and have antioxidant properties. By including dried or fresh leaves in salads, soups, marinades, and sauces, you can incorporate them into your diet. Both fresh and dried herbs and spices can be used with Parsley. While the fresh herb tastes fantastic in salads and dressings, dried flakes are typically added to hot foods like soup and pasta.