How to Roast Chicken – A Beginner’s Guide

There are many ways to prepare roasted chicken. Choosing the perfect chicken can be tricky, especially if you are a beginner. Here are some tips to make the most delicious and tender bird. Please make sure the chicken is at room temperature before cooking it because this will help it retain more juices and stay moist. Be sure to turn the chicken over and baste it often, as this can be fiddly for beginners.

Also, don’t open the oven during the cooking process, as this will lose heat and ruin the skin. Roasting chicken requires a lot of patience. Unlike braising carnitas, this is a slow cooking process. It doesn’t happen quickly, so following the directions carefully and the recommended temperature is essential. To ensure your chicken is cooked, you should use a meat thermometer to test the meat temperature. It is safe to eat 165 degrees Fahrenheit for white meat.

How to Roast Chicken - A Beginner's Guide

A sturdy roasting pan will make the process much easier. Add a rack to the top of the pan to elevate the chicken and allow it to get some air circulation. Please don’t cover the pan with foil, but only place it over the chicken at the end. When roasting the chicken, it is best to place its breast side up to ensure that the skin will be crispy and brown. Make sure to baste it periodically with butter or olive oil. Remember to bast the chicken once it starts to brown, and a carving board will help catch the juices.

How to Roast Chicken – A Beginner’s Guide

Once the chicken is in the oven, transfer it to a cutting board with a well. Allow it to rest for 10 to 15 minutes before carving it. After the chicken is cooked through, pour the pan juices and drippings into a shallow bowl or a fat separator.

You can either use a large spoon to scoop out the fat from the chicken or a fat separator to scoop out the fat. If you have any leftover chicken, don’t worry; it will keep in the fridge for about three days, or you can reheat it in the microwave. To get the perfect roast chicken, you should prepare the chicken first. Salt and pepper are two essential ingredients, and adding salt and pepper will make the skin crisp and tender.


  • One entire chicken (make sure to remove all contents from the cavity)
  • One medium onion, quartered after peeling
  • 1-2 peeled carrots, chopped into significant bits
  • 2-3 celery stalks, cleaned and chopped into large portions
  • 4-5 garlic cloves, sliced in half
  • 1-2 green onions, coarsely chopped or cut lengthwise in half
  • B1/2 bunch cleaned fresh parsley
  • kosher salt one lemon, cut in half
  • lack pepper, freshly ground
  • Two tblsp. extra virgin olive oil for drizzling


  1. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
  2.  Remove the chicken from the package and lay it on a clean dish, patting it dry with paper towels. Your chicken does not need to be washed. Never serve raw and cooked meat on the same plates, flatware, knives, or cutting board. Use clean plates and utensils once your chicken has been cooked!
  3. Wash, peel, and chop all vegetables according to the instructions. In the bottom of the roasting pan, toss the quartered onion, garlic, celery, carrots, and any other root vegetable(s) you want to include.
  4. Season the chicken with kosher salt and black pepper to taste. The bird’s top and bottom.
  5.  Squeeze the lemon halves over the chicken, then stuff the cavity with parsley, garlic, green onion, and lemon. Try to squeeze as much as you can into the space available.
  6.  Place the chicken breast side up in the roasting pan.
  7. Tuck the wings under the bird and bind the legs together with kitchen twine or string so they don’t burn while cooking.
  8.  Drizzle olive oil over the chicken in an equal layer, and I like to season it with a bit more salt and pepper at the end. Place the tray on the middle rack of the oven, uncovered.
  9. Cook for approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes. Halfway through, baste the chicken with the juices from the tray’s bottom. (To keep the bird moist, pour or brush the fluids from the bottom of the pan over it using a brush or baster.) I generally baste more if I have the time, and it stays wet!
  10. If the vegetables begin to burn or appear dry, add a splash of water to the dish, and this will also increase the amount of liquid available for basting.
  11. The chicken’s skin should be golden brown and crunchy. Remove from the oven and set aside for 15 minutes, covered in tinfoil.
  12. Carve it up and enjoy it! You may produce gravy by transferring the drippings from the roasting pan to a small pot, adding a little water, and simmering. If necessary, thicken the sauce with flour. The vegetables can be left in for flavor or pureed into the sauce. To taste, season with salt and pepper.


Tips for Roasting a Chicken

Balsamic Roast Chicken

In a small bowl, combine two tablespoons of minced fresh rosemary, three minced garlic cloves, one teaspoon salt, and one teaspoon pepper, and rub the mixture under the skin of the chicken. Bake for 30 minutes at 350 degrees F. Then, in a mixing bowl, combine 1/2 cup dry red wine and 1/2 cup balsamic vinegar before pouring the mixture over the chicken that has been prepared. Cook the chicken in the oven according to the instructions above.

Glazed Roast Chicken

In a small saucepan, bring 1 cup of white wine to a boil, then reduce heat to low and cook for 3 to 4 minutes, or until wine is reduced by half. In a separate bowl, whisk together 1 cup apricot preserves and one tablespoon stone-ground mustard until smooth. Divide the glaze in half. Season the chicken breasts with salt and pepper before roasting them according to the instructions in the previous section. Immediately after 45 minutes, pour half of the glaze over the chicken and continue to baste it with the glaze every 15 minutes while roasting. When the chicken is finished cooking, drizzle the remaining half of the glaze over it and serve immediately.

Lime Roast Chicken

In a large mixing bowl, combine 1/2 cup Dijon mustard, 1/4 cup lime juice, 1/4 cup soy sauce, two tablespoons minced fresh parsley, two tablespoons minced fresh rosemary, two tablespoons minced fresh sage, two tablespoons minced fresh thyme, one teaspoon white pepper, and one teaspoon ground nutmeg. Stir well to combine. Reserve 1/4 cup of the marinade, pour the remaining marinade into a large shallow dish, add the chicken, and toss until the chicken is completely covered with the sauce. Allow the chicken to marinate for at least four hours before serving. To finish, drain off any excess marinade and stuff the chicken with four lime slices (cut into wedges), brush with any remaining marinade, and roast as directed above.

How to Tell When Your Roast Chicken is Done?

Roasting a chicken at regular or high heat will produce a cooked chicken when an instant-read meat thermometer inserted into the inner thigh (close to but not touching the thigh bone) reads at least 165 degrees F. If you are using a high-heat method, the chicken will be done when the instant-read meat thermometer reads at least 170 degrees F. (74 degrees C).

  • When you remove the meat from the oven, the temperature of the meat will continue to rise slightly (this is known as “carryover cooking”), so if the internal temperature of the meat is a few degrees below the target, allow it to rest for a few minutes — the internal temperature will likely rise to at least 165 degrees F by that time (74 degrees C).
  • The chicken should be covered loosely with a doubled sheet of aluminum foil after being removed from the oven for 10 minutes before slicing. This helps to redistribute the juices and makes the chicken moister.

What are the Roasting Tools?

It would help if you had a roasting pan (or, in a pinch, a rimmed baking sheet) and an instant-read meat thermometer. Setting a roasting rack into the pan is optional, but doing so will help the chicken cook more evenly because it will allow air to circulate freely beneath the bird. A roasting rack will prevent the chicken from resting in its drippings, which will result in crispier skin on the breasts. Aluminum foil can be used to line the baking pan, making cleanup a breeze.

You can also spatchcock (also known as butterfly) your chicken or remove the backbone and flatten it out before roasting it on a flat rack in a roasting pan or on a baking sheet with a rim. A spatchcocked chicken roasts more quickly and evenly than a whole chicken, resulting in more crispy skin on the outside.

How to Truss a Chicken for Roasting?

In the case of a whole chicken that has not been spatchcocked (as described above), you can truss the bird before roasting it, which means you can tie the legs together with butcher’s twine to keep the legs as close to the body as possible during cooking. This is not a necessary step, but it does make handling the chicken a little easier, and it also helps to keep the stuffing in place if you’ve stuffed the chicken.

  • Cut a 3-foot length of heatproof butcher’s twine to truss a chicken.
  • Lay the chicken on a clean surface with the breast facing up.
  • Hold one end of the string in each hand, and loop the center of the string underneath the chicken’s tail.
  • Catch the ends of the legs inside the string, then cross the string over the chicken’s breast, making an X.
  • Loop the string under and around the wings, then tie the string snugly in a knot across the middle of the breast. Make sure that the ends of the wings are tucked in.

How to Store Roast Chicken?

When stored in the refrigerator, a cooked chicken will last three to four days. Keeping chicken in an airtight container or sealed bag is the best practice. Wrapping the chicken in aluminum foil will work in a pinch, but allowing it to sit out in the open will cause it to dry out and lose its flavor.

If you cannot consume all of the leftovers within a few days, storing them in the freezer is your best option. As soon as the chicken has been allowed to cool completely, place it in an airtight container or freezer-safe bag, squeezing out as much air as possible. You can store the chicken in the freezer for up to four months, and it should be thawed in the refrigerator before being reheated.


To roast a chicken, prepare it for a whole meal. Place the chicken on a roasting rack and brush it with melted butter. Remove the chicken from the oven and allow it to rest for at least 15 minutes. Ensure the oven’s fan is working correctly to prevent it from overheating. After the roasting process, you may choose to serve it with vegetables. As a rule, vegetables should be cut into bite-sized pieces. To achieve the best flavor and golden skin, you can rub the outside of the chicken with melted butter. Before cooking, make sure the chicken is thoroughly dry. To achieve this, use a dry paper towel to pat it down.

You can also add vegetables to the bottom of the roasting dish and drizzle it with half of the olive oil. Place the chicken breast-side on the vegetables and season the cavity with salt and pepper. To roast a chicken, start by removing the giblets and neck. The giblets may be inside the cavity, depending on the size of the chicken. Next, rinse the chicken thoroughly inside and out and dry with a paper towel. Let the meat rest for several minutes before carving it to be cooked thoroughly. To prevent the cavity juices from running out, tilt the chicken from time to time. A tilted pan will help the juices to stay inside the chicken.